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Prevent Diabetes

Prediabetes and what can you do to prevent type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes

The NHS says diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. There are two main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes – where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin

Type 2 diabetes – where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1. In the UK, around 90% of all adults with diabetes have type 2.

1/3 of adults in England are thought to have prediabetes

What is Prediabetes?

A person with prediabetes has a blood sugar level higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.

Prediabetes is a serious health condition that increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. See below for the risk factors.

Diabetes UK said “We need to make sure those at high risk are made aware of this so that they can get the advice and support they need to make the lifestyle changes that can help reduce this. In fact, up to 80 per cent of cases of Type 2 diabetes could be avoided or delayed by making these kinds of changes”.

If you have diabetes or are worried about your risk ShapeUp4Life is here to support you to make changes to your lifestyle which can help you to lose weight, get more active and reduce your risk of disease.

Risks

Many factors increase your risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. To find out more about your risk, see which characteristics in this list apply to you.

  • I am 40 years of age or older.
  • I am overweight.
  • I have a parent with diabetes.
  • I have a sister or brother with diabetes.
  • My family background is South Asian or Afro-Caribbean
  • I had diabetes while I was pregnant (gestational diabetes), or I gave birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more.
  • I am physically active less than three times a week

How can type 2 diabetes be prevented?

Research shows that modest weight loss and regular physical activity can help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by up to 58% in people with prediabetes.

Study source: https://www.bmj.com/content/348/bmj.g3791

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